Kádár, János (1912–89), Hungarian Communist leader.
21st Century Webster's Family Encyclopedia - K2 to Kittiwake
K2, mountain peak in the Himalayas of northern Kashmir, near the China-India border, second highest in the world.
Kaaba, or Caaba, most sacred shrine of Islam, the chief goal of pilgrimage, in the courtyard of the Great Mosque at Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
Kabalevsky, Dmitri (1904–87), Russian composer and critic.
Kabbalah, or Cabala (from the Hebrew word for “traditional lore”), mystical Jewish interpretation of the Torah and other holy writings.
Kabuki, traditional Japanese popular theater that developed in the 17th century in contrast to the aristocratic Noh theater.
Kabul (pop. 1,036,000), capital and largest city of Afghanistan.
Kaddafi, Muammar Muhammad al- See: Qadhafi, Muammar Muhammad al-.
Kaesong (pop. 345,600), city in North Korea near the South Korean border, about 30 mi (48 km) northwest of Seoul.
Kafir (Sorghum vulgare), type of grain of the grass family.
Kafka, Franz (1883–1924), German writer.
Kahn, Louis Isadore (1901–74), U.S. architect, noted for his work on housing projects like Carver Court (1944), Coatesville, Pa., and university buildings.
Kaiser, Henry John (1882–1967), U.S. industrialist, founder of the Kaiser-Frazer Corp., automobile manufacturers.
Kala-azar, dumdum fever, or visceral leishmaniasis, severe infectious disease found chiefly in Asia and caused by a protozoa (Leishmania donovani) and transmitted by the bite of sand flies.
Kalahari Desert, arid plain in southwest Africa, lying mainly in Botswana but extending into Namibia and South Africa.
Kale, edible green vegetable (Brassica oleracea) of the mustard family.
Kaleidoscope, optical device that produces colorful patterns and designs.
Kaliningrad (pop. 406,000), port city in western Russia, on the mouth of the Pregolya River, which flows into the Baltic Sea.
Kalmar Union, treaty whereby Denmark, Norway, and Sweden were united under Margaret of Denmark and her heirs.
Kalmia See: Mountain laurel.
Kamchatka Peninsula, peninsula in northeastern Russia, extending 750 mi (1,210 km) south from the Asian mainland to separate the Sea of Okhotsk from the Bering Sea and Pacific Ocean.
Kamehameha I (1738?–1819), Hawaiian king from 1790.
Kamenev, Lev Borisovich (1883–1936), Russian Bolshevik leader, active in the Russian Revolution and member of the first politburo of the Communist party.
Kamikaze (Japanese, “divine wind”), Japanese force of suicide pilots in World War II Inspired by the ancient samurai code of patriotic self-sacrifice, they deliberately crashed bomb-bearing planes onto Allied ships and installations.
Kampala (pop. 458,400), capital and largest city of Uganda, on Lake Victoria in east Africa.
Kampuchea (officially Cambodia), republic in Southeast Asia, bordered on the north by Thailand and Laos, on the east and southeast by Vietnam, on the southwest by the Gulf of Siam, and on the west and northwest by Thailand. The capital is Phnom Penh. Mainly a broad plain, Kampuchea occupies 69,898 sq mi (181,035 sq km), and is separated from Thailand by the Dangrek Mountains in the north and the C…
Kan tor, MacKinlay (1904–77), U.S. screenwriter and author.
Kanawha River, chief river of West Virginia, formed by the confluence of the New and Gauley rivers.
Kandinsky, Wassily (1866–1944), Russian painter and theorist, widely regarded as one of the originators of abstract art.
Kanem, African empire that lasted from 700 A.D. through the 1800s.
Kangaroo, herbivorous, marsupial mammal of the family Macropodidae, with large hind feet, strong hind legs, and a tail used for balancing, native to Australia and nearby islands.
Kangaroo apple See: Solanum.
Kangaroo court, unofficial and illegal gathering of unauthorized persons for the purpose of passing sentence upon a wrongdoer.
Kangaroo rat, pouched, burrowing, nocturnal rodent (genus Dipodomys) similar to the gerbil.
Kanishka (d.A.D. 160?), greatest king of the Kushan Empire, which included what is now Pakistan, Afghanistan, and northern India.
Kanpur (pop. 1,879,400), city in the state of Uttar Pradesh, north central India, on the Ganges River.
Kansa, also known as Kaw or Kansas, Native American tribe of eastern Kansas.
Kansas, state in the central United States; bordered by Nebraska to the north, Missouri to the east, Oklahoma to the south, and Colorado to the west. Nicknamed “Midway, U.S.A.” and “Heart of the Nation,” Kansas is halfway between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Kansas lies in the transition area between the prairies and the high plains. It consists of 3 principal land …
Kansas City (pop. 1,758,500), name of 2 adjacent cities at the junction of the Missouri and Kansas rivers, one in northeast Kansas (inc. 1859) and one in northwest Missouri (inc. 1850).
Kansas-Nebraska Act, bill passed by the U.S.
Kant, Immanuel (1724–1804), German philosopher, founder of critical philosophy. Though originally influenced by the rationalism of Leibniz, Kant was awakened from his “dogmatic slumber” by the work of skeptic David Hume and thus led to greatness as a metaphysician. In Critique of Pure Reason (1781), Kant proposed that objective reality (the phenomenal world) can be known only …
Kaolin, or china clay, soft, white clay composed chiefly of the mineral kaolinite, mined in England, France, former Czechoslovakia, China, and the southern United States.
Kapitsa, Pyotr (1894–1984), Russian physicist best known for his work in low-temperature physics (cryogenics).
Kapok (Ceiba pentandra), tropical tree; also, the water-repellent fiber of its seeds.
Kara Kum, desert region in Turkmenistan, in central Asia, covering about 135,000 sq mi (330,000 sq km) in area.
Kara Sea, branch of the Arctic Ocean about 300 miles (480 km) long and 200 miles (320 km) wide off the north central coast of Siberia.
Karachi (pop. 5,208,000), former capital (1947–59) of Pakistan, and the country's largest city, major port, and industrial center.
Karajan, Herbert von (1908–89), Austrian conductor.
Karakorum, ancient capital of Genghis Khan's empire.
Karakul, any of several species of sheep of Central Asia, bred primarily for their fur-bearing skin.
Karamanlis, Constantine See: Caramanlis, Constantine.
Karate (Japanese: “empty hand”), unarmed combat and sport, originating in the Orient.
Karelia, self-governing republic in northwestern Russia.
Karl-Marx-Stadt, nowadays Chemnitz (pop. 291,400), industrial city in eastern Germany and chief center of the Karl-Marx-Stadt district, situated on the Chemnitz River.
Karloff, Boris (William Henry Pratt; 1887–1969), English-born U.S. actor renowned for his parts in horror films.
Karlovy Vary (pop. 58,600), resort and spa in western Bohemia, Czech Republic, famed for its mineral springs.
Karma, Sanskrit term denoting the inevitable effects of a person's physical and mental actions on his or her destiny in successive lives, central to Buddhist and Hindu thought.
Karnak, village east of Luxor, on the Nile in central Egypt, part of ancient Thebes.
Karnak, Temple of See: Thutmose III.
Karpov, Anatoly (1951– ), a Russian chess prodigy who became the Soviet champion in his early twenties.
Karsh, Yousuf (1908– ), Canadian portrait photographer of Turkish-Armenian birth.
Kart racing, sport that features single-seated, rear-engine racing cars.
Kasavubu, Joseph (1917?–69), African politician, first president (1960–65) of the Republic of the Congo (now Zaïre).
Kashmir, disputed territory in southern Asia, administered since 1972 as the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir (capital: Srinagar; 54,000 sq mi/139,000 sq km) and the Pakistani Azad Kasmir (capital: Muzafarabad; 32,000 sq mi/82,900 sq km), bordering China. This beautiful region, which includes sections of the Himalayan and Karakorum mountain ranges, centers around the Vale of Kashmir, the agricult…
Kasparov, Gary (1963– ), Russian chess prodigy who at 22 became the sport's youngest world champion by beating Anatoly Karpov (1985).
Kassebaum, Nancy Landon (1932– ), U.S.
Katayev, Valentin Petrovich (1897–1987), Russian novelist, poet, and playwright.
Kathmandu (pop. 393,500), capital of Nepal, 4,500 ft (1,370 m) above sea level in a Himalayan valley in central Nepal.
Katmai National Park, large wilderness region covering 4,430,125 acres (1,792,810 hectares) in southwestern Alaska.
Katydid, name for several large, green, winged insects of the long-horned grasshopper family (Tettigoniidae), native to the Western Hemisphere.
Katyn forest, site in the former USSR of a massacre of some 4,250 Polish officers in World War II.
Kauffmann, Angelica (1741–1807), Swiss painter.
Kaufman, George S. (1889–1961), U.S. playwright and stage director.
Kaunas (pop. 429,000), former capital city of Lithuania.
Kaunda, Kenneth David (1924– ), African political leader, president of Zambia (1964–91).
Kava, shrub (genus Piper) native to the Pacific Islands and Australia, closely related to the pepper plant.
Kaw See: Kansa.
Kawabata, Yasunari (1899–1972), Japanese novelist.
Kawasaki disease, disease believed by many doctors to be caused by a virus, affecting children, primarily boys of Asian ancestry from middle- and upper-class backgrounds.
Kaye, Danny (1913–87), American comedian and entertainer whose films, television shows, and personal appearances made him an international personality.
Kazakhstan (Republic of), independent country in central Asia, bordered on the west and the north by Russia, on the east by China, on the south by Kirghizstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan, and on the west by the Caspian Sea. The capital is Astana (since 1997, Astana was formerly called Akmola). Two thirds of the country is (semi) arid. The Caspian Sea is a great salt lake (92 ft/28 meters below s…
Kazan (pop. 1,103,000), capital of the Tatar Autonomous Republic in eastern European Russia.
Kazan, Elia (1909– ), Turkish-born U.S. film and stage director.
Kazantzakis, Nikos (1883–1957), Greek writer and statesman.
Kea (Nestor notabilis), New Zealand parrot with an immensely powerful bill.
Kean, Edmund (1787–1833), English actor.
Kearny, Stephen Watts (1794–1848), U.S. general.
Keaton, Buster (Joseph Francis Keaton; 1895–1966), U.S. silent-film comedian and director.
Keats, John (1795–1821), English Romantic poet.
Keelboat See: Flatboat.
Keeshond, or Dutch barge dog, national dog of the Netherlands, related to the Samoyed and chow chow.
Kefauver, Estes (1903–63), U.S.
Keillor, Garrison Edward (1942– ), U.S. writer, creator of the fictional town of Lake Wobegon, Minnesota.
Keitel, Wilhelm (1882–1946), German field marshal, head of the armed forces high command during World War II.
Kekkonen, Urho Kaleva (1900–86), president of Finland, 1956–81.
Kekulé von Stradonitz, Friedrich August (1829–96), German chemist regarded as the father of modern organic chemistry.
Keller, Helen Adams (1880–1968), U.S. author and lecturer.
Kelley, Florence (1859–1932), U.S. social reformer and lawyer.
Kellogg-Briand Peace Pact, or Pact of Paris, agreement signed on Aug. 27, 1928, by 15 nations (eventually ratified by 64) renouncing “war as an instrument of national policy.” Conceived by Aristide Briand of France and U.S.
Kellogg, Frank Billings (1896–1937), U.S. diplomat, senator (1917–23), ambassador to Great Britain (1924–25), and U.S. secretary of state (1925–29).
Kellogg, Will Keith (1860–1951), U.S. industrialist and philanthropist.
Kelly, Gene (1912–96), U.S. actor, dancer, and director, known for his spontaneous, athletic dancing routines.
Kelly, George Edward (1887–1974), U.S. playwright.
Kelly, Grace (1929–82), U.S. motion picture actress and, later, Princess of Monaco.
Keloid, scar tissue raised above the skin surface at the site of a wound.
Kelp, name for various large brown seaweeds of orders Laminariales and Fucales.
Kelvin scale See: Absolute zero; Kelvin, William Thomson, Lord; Metric system; Temperature.
Kelvin, William Thomson, Lord (1824–1907), British physicist.
Kemal Atatürk See: Atatürk, Kemal.
Kempis, Thomas à See: Thomas à Kempis.
Keneally, Thomas (1935– ), Australian writer, known for his powerful and turbulent novels, which often take place in a particular historical period.
Kennan, George Frost (1904– ), U.S. diplomat, one of the main authors of the U.S. postwar policy of “containment” of Russian expansionism.
Kennebec River, river in southern Maine, flowing about 150 mi (240 km) southward from Moosehead Lake to empty into the Atlantic at Popham, Maine's first English settlement (1607).
Kennedy, U.S. family prominent in government, politics, and business.
Kennedy, Anthony McLeod (1936– ), associate justice of the United States Supreme Court (1988– ), appointed after Justice Lewis Powell retired.
Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts , part of the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., designed by U.S. architect Edward Durell Stone as a national memorial to the late president.
Kennedy, Edward Moore (1932– ), U.S. political leader, U.S. senator from Massachusetts since 1962.
Kennedy, John Fitzgerald (1917–63), 35th president of the United States. Kennedy was the youngest person and the first Roman Catholic ever elected to the post. Kennedy was shot in Dallas, Tex., after 1,037 days in office. After his death, a legend grew up around his youth, good looks, intelligence, idealism, and vigor that has become inseparable from his more concrete accomplishments. Kenne…
Kennedy, Robert Francis (1925–68), U.S. attorney general (1961–64) and U.S. senator from New York (1965–68).
Kennedy, Ted See: Kennedy, Edward Moore.
Kenny, Elizabeth (1886–1952), Australian nurse.
Kensington rune stone, inscribed stone found in 1898 on a farm near Kensington, Minn.
Kent, James (1763–1847), U.S. jurist.
Kent, Rockwell (1882–1971), U.S. writer and artist.
Kenton, Stan (1912–79), U.S. bandleader, pianist, and composer.
Kentucky, state in the south central United States; bordered by Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio to the north; West Virginia and Virginia to the east; Tennessee to the south; and Missouri to the west. Kentucky can be divided into 3 distinct topographical regions: the Gulf Coastal Plain, the Interior Low Plateau, and the Appalachian Plateau. The Gulf Coastal Plain in the extreme west has wide flood plai…
Kentucky coffeetree (Gymnocladus dioica), state tree of Kentucky.
Kentucky Derby, annual thoroughbred horse race for 3-year-olds run over a course of 1 1/4 mi (2 km) at Churchill Downs, Louisville, Ky.
Kentucky Lake, one of the world's largest human-made lakes.
Kentucky River, 250 mi (402 km) long, rises in the Cumberland Mountains, flows northwest through Kentucky's bluegrass region, and empties into the Ohio River at Carrollton.
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions, resolutions in support of states’ rights and civil liberties, passed by the legislatures of Kentucky and Virginia in 1798 and 1799, in response to the Alien and Sedition Acts.
Kenya, independent republic of East Africa. Since achieving independence from Britain in 1963, Kenya has been one of the most prosperous and politically stable new African states for a long time. Economic and social progress has been made more difficult by the rapid growth of population. Kenya has an area of 224,960 sq mi (582,646 sq km). Its northern neighbors are the Sudan and Ethiopia, with Som…
Kenyatta, Jomo (1893?–1978), Kenya'sfirst president (1964–78).
Keough plan See: Pension.
Kepler, Johannes (1571–1630), German mathematician and astronomer.
Keratin, any of various fibrous proteins concentrated in the outermost layer of the skin of vertebrates and acting as a constituent of hair, nails, claws, and horns.
Kerensky, Alexander Feodorovich (1881–1970), Russian revolutionary, head of the provisional government that followed the Russian Revolution from July to Oct. 1917.
Kerguelen Islands See: French Southern and Antarctic Territories.
Kern, Jerome (1885–1945), U.S. composer.
Kerner Commission, appointed by President Lyndon B.
Kerosene, colorless, thin oil, a mixture of hydrocarbons, used mainly as a fuel for jet engines, and also for heating and lighting and as a solvent and paint thinner.
Kerouac, Jack (Jean-Louis Lebris de Kerouac; 1922–69), U.S. novelist and poet.
Kerry blue terrier, breed of dog produced by the union of the Irish terrier and the Dandie Dinmont.
Kesselring, Albert (1885–1960), German field marshal of World War II.
Kestrel, name given in the Old World to various small falcons.
Ketchikan, town in southeastern Alaska, on the southwestern edge of Revillagigedo Island, a port of entry for ships and vessels navigating the Inside Passage.
Kettering, Charles Franklin (1876–1958), U.S. inventor of the first electric cash register and the electric self-starter.
Kettle hole, depression or cavity in solid rock formed by a block of glacial ice.
Kettledrum See: Drum.
Key, musical term denoting the arrangement of notes in a certain kind of scale. On the piano keyboard there are 12 notes, black and white, between each octave, each of which can be the starting point for 2 scales, one in the major mode and one in the minor mode. Thus if a piece of music is written for a major scale starting on the note C, then the key of the piece will be C major. If the piece is …
Key, Francis Scott (1779–1843), U.S. poet and lawyer who wrote the words to the “Star-Spangled Banner” after witnessing the night bombardment of Fort McHenry by the British in Sept. 1814.
Key West (pop. 24,382), city on an island at the southwestern tip of the Florida Keys, about 150 mi (240 km) from Miami and 90 mi (145 km) from Cuba.
Keyboard instrument See: Celesta; Clavichord; Harpsichord; Organ; Piano.
Keynes, John Maynard (1883–1946), British economist at Cambridge University, a pioneer in the development of modern economics.
KGB, Committee for State Security, government organization in the former USSR functioning as a secret police force.
Khachaturian, Aram Ilich (1903–78), Soviet-Armenian composer.
Khalid ibn Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (1913–82), king of Saudi Arabia (1975–82).
Khamenei, Hojatolislam Ali (1939– ), Iranian religious and political leader (1989– ).
Kharkov (pop. 1,536,000), city in Ukraine, at the confluence of the Kharkov, Lopan, and Udy rivers.
Khartoum (pop. 557,000), capital of Sudan.
Khayyam, Omar See: Omar Khayyam.
Khazars, Turkic people whose empire in southern Russia and the Caucasus controlled trade between the Slavs, Byzantium, and the Far East from 550 until the Byzantines and Russians overwhelmed it (969–1030).
Khmer See: Kampuchea.
Khmer empire, ancient Southeast Asian empire dating from the 6th century, occupying much of modern Laos, Thailand, and Vietnam.
Khmer Rouge See: Kampuchea.
Khoikhoi, or Hottentot, member of a southern African group similar to the San.
Khomeini, Ruhollah (Ruhollah Moussavi; 1900?–89), spiritual and political leader of Iran, 1979–89.
Khrushchev, Nikita Sergeyevich (1894–1971), Soviet premier, 1958–64. As a loyal Stalinist during the great purges of the 1930s he managed the Communist Party in the Ukraine. During World War II he was a political adviser in the army, defending Stalingrad. When Josef Stalin died in Mar. 1953, Khrushchev became a member of the Soviet Union's “collective leadership,”…
Khufu, or Cheops (fl. c.2680 B.C.), Egyptian pharaoh of the 4th dynasty.
Khyber Pass, mountain pass on the Pakistan-Afghanistan border, about 3,500 ft (1,070 m) high and 28 mi (45 km) long.
Kibbutz, type of collective farm in Israel established in the early 20th century.
Kickapoo, Algonquian-speaking Native American tribe living in the Great Lakes region at the time of the arrival of European settlers.
Kidd, William (1645?–1701), British pirate.
Kidnapping, the forcible abduction of a human being, whether or not for ransom.
Kidney, one of a pair of organs of the urinary system, located in the back part of the abdomen, on each side of the vertebral column; the left lies slightly higher than the right. A high concentration of blood vessels gives the kidney a dark, reddish-brown color, and each is bean-shaped and slightly tilted. In adults, the kidney is about 4 in (10 cm) long and 2.5 in (6.5 cm) wide. At least one kid…
Kidney stone, hard mineral deposit that forms in the kidney as a result of excessive concentrations of mineral salts in the urine.
Kidney transplant See: Tissue transplant.
Kiel (pop. 246,600), city in northwest Germany, on the Baltic Sea at the eastern end of the Kiel Canal.
Kiel Canal, German canal extending 61 mi (98 km) from the mouth of the Elbe River to Holtenau near Kiel.
Kierkegaard, Søren Aabye (1813–55), Danish religious philosopher, precursor of existentialism.
Kiev (pop. 2,600,000), capital and largest city of Ukraine, on the Dnieper River.
Kigali (pop. 182,000), capital and largest city of Rwanda.
Kikuyu, agricultural Bantu-speaking tribe, one of the largest groups (about 2 million) in Kenya, living north of Nairobi.
Kilauea, world's largest active volcano, located on the southeastern part of Hawaii island.
Kilimanjaro, extinct volcano and Africa's highest mountain, in northeastern Tanzania, near the Kenyan border.
Killarney (pop. 7,800), town district in southwestern Ireland, County Kerry.
Killdeer (Charadrius or Oxyechus vociferus), shorebird, named for its noisy call.
Killer whale (Orcinus orca), small, toothed, carnivorous whale of the dolphin family, but lacking a beak.
Kilmer, Joyce (1886–1918), U.S. poet remembered for his sentimental poem “Trees” (1913).
Kiln, oven or furnace usually designed for “firing” earthy materials to make bricks, pottery, or quicklime.
Kim Il Sung (1912–94), North Korean political leader, premier 1948–72, president (1972–94).
Kimberley (pop. 150,000), city in Cape Province, South Africa, about 540 mi (870 km) northeast of Capetown, famed for having some of the world's largest diamond mines.
Kindergarten, school for children aged 4–6, conceived by German educator F.W.A.
Kinesics, systematic study of nonverbal communication through body motions.
King Arthur See: Arthur, King.
King, Billie Jean (Billie Jean Moffitt; 1943– ), U.S. tennis player.
King, Coretta Scott (1927– ), U.S. civil rights leader, widow of Martin Luther King, Jr.
King crab See: Horseshoe crab.
King, Ernest Joseph (1878–1956), U.S. admiral, commander of the U.S. fleet and naval operations chief in World War II.
King George VI Falls, collection of waterfalls and rapids descending some 1,600 feet (488 meters), situated in northwestern Cape Province, South Africa.
King James Version See: Bible.
King, Karl (1891–1971), U.S. composer and conductor of musical bands, creator of more than 300 musical works, 200 of which were marches.
King, Martin Luther, Jr. (1929–68), black U.S. clergyman and civil rights leader, recipient of the 1964 Nobel Peace Prize for his work for racial equality in the United States.
King Peak, one of the highest mountains in North America, rising 17,130 ft (5,221 m) in the St.
King Philip's War (1675–76), last Native American resistance to the whites in New England.
King, Stephen (1947– ), U.S. novelist and short-story writer.
King, William Lyon Mackenzie (1874–1950), Canadian statesman, Liberal prime minister (1921–30, 1935–48).
King, William Rufus Devane (1786–1853), U.S. politician.
King William's War See: French and Indian Wars.
Kingbird, aggressive North American flycatcher (genus Tyrannus), usually with gray head and a black stripe through the eye.
Kingdom, in biology, large group of organisms that share basic characteristics.
Kingfish, any of several large food and game fishes, including the mackerel and drum, especially of the genus Menticirrhus.
Kingfisher, family (Alcedinidae) of brightly colored, strong-beaked birds of rivers, lakes, and streams worldwide.
Kinghead See: Ragweed.
Kinglet, tiny, olive-green songbird (genus Regulus) living in the temperate woodlands of the Northern Hemisphere.
Kingmaker See: Warwick, Earl of.
Kings, Books of, in the Old Testament, called First and Second Kings in the Authorized Version, and Third and Fourth Kings in the Greek versions and the Western canon.
Kings Canyon National Park, area of about 460,100 acres (186,200 hectares) in the Sierra Nevada, south central California, established as a national park in 1940.
Kingsley, Charles (1819–75), English writer and clergyman and an advocate of social reform.
Kingsley, Sidney (1906– ), U.S. playwright noted for his treatment of social problems.
Kingsnake, nonpoisonous snake (genus Lampropeltis) of the central and southern United States.
Kingston (pop. 24,481), industrial city of New York, on the west bank of the Hudson River about 92 mi (148 km) north of New York City.
Kingston (pop. 643,800), capital and largest city of Jamaica, in the Caribbean Sea.
Kingstown (pop. 19,000), capital of St.
Kinkajou (Potos flavus), relative of the raccoon that can hang by its tail.
Kinnock, Neil Gordon (1942– ), British politician, elected youngest Labour Party leader in 1983 at the age of 41.
Kino, Eusebio Francisco (1644?–1711), Italian Jesuit missionary who explored lower California and parts of Arizona.
Kinsey, Alfred Charles (1894–1956), U.S. biologist best known for his statistical studies of human sexual behavior, published as Sexual Behavior in the Human Male (1948) and Sexual Behavior in the Human Female (1953).
Kinshasa (pop. 2,800,000), capital and largest city of Zaïre.
Kiowa, Native American tribe of the North American plains.
Kipling, Rudyard (1865–1936), Indian-born English writer.
Kirchhoff, Gustav Robert (1824–87), German physicist best known for his work on electrical conduction, showing that current passes through a conductor at the speed of light, and deriving Kirchhoff's Laws.
Kirchhoff's Laws, two laws governing electric circuits involving Ohm's law conductors and sources of electromotive force, stated by Kirchhoff.
Kirchner, Ernst Ludwig (1880–1938), German expressionist graphic artist and painter, cofounder of the Brücke (bridge) movement (1905–13).
Kirghizstan, or Kyrgyzstan, republic in central Asia, bordered by on the north by Kazakhstan, on the east by China, on the south by Tajikistan, and on the west by Uzbekistan. Its capital is Bishkek. The country is almost entirely mountainous, it is part of the Tien Shan mountains (highest peak 24,406 feet/7440 meters). The rivers are important for irrigation and for generating electricity. The cli…
Kiribati, independent island republic in the central Pacific, consists of 3 groups of coral atolls and 33 islands astride the equator.
Kiritimati Atoll, or Christmas Island, one of the largest coral islands in the Pacific, covering 140 sq mi (360 sq km) and with a coastline of 80 mi (130 km).
Kirkland, Lane (1922– ), U.S. labor leader, president of the American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) since 1979.
Kirkpatrick, Jeane Jordan (1926– ), U.S. ambassador to the United Nations (1981–85).
Kirlian photography, or electromagnetic discharge imaging (EDI), technique of recording an image on photographic film by applying a high-frequency electric field to it and recording the resulting pattern of luminescence.
Kirstein, Lincoln (1907–96), U.S. ballet promoter who persuaded George Balanchine to come to the United States and helped him organize the School of American Ballet in New York (1934) and the New York City Ballet (1948).
Kirtland Air Force Base, nuclear research facility in Albuquerque, N.M., established 1941.
Kissinger, Henry Alfred (1923– ), German-born U.S. adviser on foreign affairs.
Kitasato, Shibasaburo (1852–1931), Japanese bacteriologist.
Kitchen Cabinet, popular name for an unofficial body of advisers to President Andrew Jackson (1829–31).
Kitchener (pop. 356,400), Canadian cultural and industrial city 65 mi (105 km) west of Toronto.
Kitchener, Horatio Herbert (1850–1916), British field marshal, secretary of state for war in World War I.
Kite, any of various predatory birds of the hawk family (Accipitridae) with long, pointed wings and a forked tail.
Kite, aircraft consisting of a light frame covered with thin fabric (e.g., paper) and flown in the wind by aerodynamic lift at the end of a long string.
Kittiwake, small gull (genus Rissa) that nests on narrow cliff ledges around the coasts of the North Atlantic, the North Pacific, and on the islands of the Arctic Ocean.