Philip K. Dick (Philip Kindred Dick) Biography
(1928–82), (Philip Kindred Dick), Time out of Joint, The Man in the High Castle
American science fictionnovelist, born in Chicago, educated at the University of California. Of his more than thirty novels, the best-known include Time out of Joint (1959); The Man in the High Castle (1962), an alternative history; The Three Stigmata of Palmer Eldritch (1964), which depicts a society controlled by drug-induced fantasy and television; Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? (1968), later filmed as Blade Runner, set in a twenty-first century dominated by information technology; Flow My Tears, The Policeman Said (1976), which depicts a police state of the near future; and A Scanner Darkly (1977), a dystopian fantasy, set in California in the 1990s. These works express a blackly comic vision of late twentieth-century America, seen through the distorting glass of the future, depicting a technologically sophisticated, totalitarian society controlled by multinational corporations. Several early novels of a more conventional nature, written during the 1950s and published posthumously, express a similarly acerbic view of the modern world. They include Puttering About in a Small World (1985); Humpty Dumpty in Oakland (1986); Mary and the Giant (1987); and The Broken Bubble (1988).