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Adelphi, The

The New Adelphi, The Adelphi

murry lawrence edmund james

a literary periodical founded in 1923 by John Middleton Murry, who edited it until 1930 and remained influential in determining its character until 1948. Murry's intentions centred on providing a platform for the ideas of D. H. Lawrence, who contributed nineteen pieces, and himself; he also saw the magazine as a medium for the posthumous publication of the work of Katherine Mansfield, his wife, who died in the year of its formation. By 1925 financial difficulties became apparent and after a successful appeal for readers' support it was reconstituted as The New Adelphi in 1927. Contributors under Murry's editorship included Robert Graves, Edmund Blunden, Edwin Muir, and W. B. Yeats. Lawrence, who had belittled Murry's efforts, was not featured in The New Adelphi, although the last issue Murry edited was devoted to commemorating Lawrence's achievement following his death in 1930. In that year the magazine was taken over by Max Plowman and Richard Rees and reverted to the title The Adelphi. Dorothy Richardson, Herbert Read, George Saintsbury, and William Plomer were among its essayists and reviewers, and poetry by W. H. Auden, A. S. J. Tessimond, C. Day Lewis, and Michael Roberts was published. During the 1930s contributions from Edmund Wilson, Theodore Roethke, James Thurber, and others added an American dimension. It continued to publish work by emerging authors until it ceased appearing in 1955; Vernon Scannell, Donald Davie, Denton Welch, James Kirkup, and Charles Causley are among the writers whose reputations The Adelphi helped to establish in its later years.

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