Anton Pavlovich Chekhov
Chekhov, Anton Pavlovich (1860–1904), Russian dramatist and short story writer. The Moscow Art Theatre produced his 4 major plays, depictions of Russian rural upper- and middle-class life: The Seagull (1898), Uncle Vanya (1899), The Three Sisters (1901), and The Cherry Orchard (1904). Chekhov's works emphasize mood and character development more than plot. He was also a physician, and ran a free clinic for peasants in Melikhovo, where he lived.