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Sir Guy Carleton t Baron Dorchester (1s)

quebec governor french act

Carleton, Sir Guy, 1st Baron Dorchester (1724–1808), English soldier and governor. He was responsible for the Quebec Act of 1774, which guaranteed the French the right to speak French and to practice Roman Catholicism. During the American Revolution, he led the defense of Quebec (1775) against Benedict Arnold and later captured Crown Point, N.Y. (1776). In 1782–83 he was commander-in-chief of the British army in North America; he was governor of Quebec (1786–91, 1793–96) and governor-general of Canada (1793).

See also: Quebec Act.

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