Bhutto, Benazir (1953– ), prime minister of Pakistan (1988–90, 1993– ). She was the first female leader of an Islamic nation. Bhutto, a graduate of both Harvard and Oxford universities, went into exile in 1984, returned to Pakistan after 2 years, and headed the Pakistan People's Party (PPP), which her father, Zulfikan Ali Bhutto, founded. She was removed from power by political and military opponents in 1990 and reinstalled in 1993.
See also: Pakistan.