Labrador, large peninsula in northeast Canada. It is a land of long, severe winters with temperatures falling to −40°F (−40°C), and short, hot summers, during which temperatures rise to 80°F (27°C). Its population is about 97% white and 3% Inuit (Eskimos), Naskapi, and Montagnais. Labrador is rich in iron ore, timber, and cod fish. Its hydroelectric plant, which began operation in 1971 on the Churchill River at Churchill Falls, is one of the largest in the Western Hemisphere, with a capacity of 5¼ million kilowatts of electricity.
See also: Canada.