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Inductive method

Inductive method, logical process which starts from the particular and goes to the general. For example, a person may experience several rainy days while staying in a particular area and generalize that the area has a rainy climate; it is a method that leads to probabilities, not certainties. Francis Bacon proposed induction as the logic of scientific discovery, but the empirical sciences use both induction and deduction, which involves drawing particular conclusions by reasoning from general premises.

See also: Deductive method.

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