Edward Richard George Heath
Heath, Edward Richard George (1916– ), British prime minister, 1970–74. He was elected to parliament in 1950, and after holding Conservative Party positions, he became party leader in 1965. As prime minister, he brought Britain into the Common Market (now the European Community). He employed austerity measures to fight inflation and resorted to a 3-day work week to save fuel during a miners' strike. In 1975, a year after being turned out of office, he resigned as party leader.
See also: United Kingdom.