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Fauves (French, “wild beasts”), group of French painters whose style emphasized intense color, often applied directly from the paint tubes, and vigorous brush strokes. Although the term was originally used derisively, the artists adopted it and their movement became known as fauvism. Led by Henri Matisse, fauvism flourished from 1903 to 1907, and its members included Raoul Dufy and Georges Rouault. Although the painters evolved other styles after 1907, fauvism influenced other movements, particularly German expressionism.

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