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Max Ernst

surrealism dada

Ernst, Max (1891–1976), German-born artist, leader of the dada and surrealism movements in Paris. He developed the expressive techniques of collage and frottage (rubbing on paper placed over textured surfaces). He also painted in oil and produced graphics and sculpture. Two well-known paintings are Woman, Old Man, and Flower (1923–24) and The Eye of Silence (1943–44).

See also: Dada; Surrealism.

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