Yalta Conference, meeting held near Yalta (Crimea, Ukraine), Feb. 4–11, 1945, between Winston Churchill, Franklin Roosevelt, and Joseph Stalin, representing the major Allied powers in World War II. Plans were drawn up for the treatment of Germany after the war, including its division into occupation zones, the elimination of its war industries, and the prosecution of war criminals. The foundation of a new Polish state was decided upon, and the creation of the United Nations was discussed. The USSR agreed to join in the war against Japan after Germany's defeat, receiving occupation areas in eastern Europe in return.
See also: World War II.