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Teutons, Northern European tribes that attacked the Roman empire early in the 1st century B.C. Though the Teutons, with the Cimbri, were badly beaten by the Romans under General Gaius Marius, both Caesar and the historian Tacitus wrote of the Teutons' warlike nature. As the Teutons moved south, southeast, and west, what is known as the Teutonic languages came to encompass the Scandinavian as well as Germanic languages, including Dutch, English, and Flemish.

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