Sucrose, white, crystalline disaccharide carbohydrate (C12H22O11) commercially obtained from sugar beet, sugarcane, and sweet sorghum. Common table sugar, sucrose is composed of a glucose unit joined to a fructose unit. Sucrose is produced from juice or sap, which is evaporated to form molasses. Additional evaporation yields brown-colored sugar, which is whitened through further refining.
See also: Sugar.