Johan August Strindberg
Strindberg, Johan August (1849–1912), Swedish playwright and novelist, widely considered the leading author in the Swedish language. His biting, pessimistic plays, such as Master Olof (1873), The Father (1887), and Miss Julie (1888), have made a deep mark on modern drama. His novel The Red Room (1879), about injustice and hypocrisy, won international acclaim. Later plays, such as The Ghost Sonata (1907), combine dream sequences with Swedenborgian religious mysticism.