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Spartacus (d.71 B.C.), leader of the Gladiators' War, a slave revolt against ancient Rome (73–71 B.C.). With an army of runaway slaves, Spartacus heavily defeated forces sent against him and gained control of southern Italy, but after his death in battle the revolt was quickly crushed and 6,000 slaves were crucified along the Appian Way.

See also: Rome, Ancient.

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