North Pole, northernmost point of the earth's axis, located at lat. 90°N, long. 0°, some 466 mi (750 km) north of Greenland. The North Pole is a geographical designation that does not coincide with the North Magnetic Pole. The Pole lies roughly in the center of the Arctic Ocean, which is permanently covered with ice. The pole was first reached by Robert E. Peary in 1909.
See also: Peary, Robert Edwin.