Bangkok (pop. 5,876,000), capital city of Thailand. Situated on the Chao Phraya River, about 25 mi (40 km) inland from the Gulf of Siam, Bangkok is Thailand's main port. About three-fourths of Thailand's foreign trade passes through Bangkok; principal exports include rice, teak, rubber, tin, gold, and silver. The city is also a famous jewelry trading center. In addition, almost all of Thailand's higher education institutions are located in Bangkok. Among its numerous Buddhist temples (wats) is the Wat Phra Keo, located within the Grand Palace and containing the famed “Emerald Buddha,” carved from jasper.
See also: Thailand.