Augusta (pop. 23,000), capital of Maine and seat of Kennebec County on the Kennebec River. Among its products are textiles, shoes, paper, and foodstuffs. A Plymouth Colony trading post was established on the site in 1628, and the town grew up around Fort Western, its first permanent structure, built in 1754. Augusta became the state capital in 1831 and was incorporated in 1849.
See also: Maine.