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Akhenaton, or Ikhnaton, title taken by Amenhotep IV, king of Egypt (c. 1379–50 B.C.). Akhenaton started the cult of the sun god Aton, despite the opposition of the priesthood of Amon-Ra. He moved the capital from Thebes, city of Amon, to Akhetaton (now Tell el-Amarna), where he fostered a naturalistic school of art and literature. After his death the old religion was reestablished. Akhenaton was married to Nefertiti.

See also: Egypt, Ancient.

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21st Century Webster's Family Encyclopedia21st Century Webster's Family Encyclopedia - A to Akutagawa, Ryunosuke